значение | синонимы | |
---|---|---|

the number of molecules in a mole of a substance (approximately 602,250,000,000,000,000,000,000) | avogadro's number; avogadro number; | |

constant used in the calculation of the ideal gas constant | boltzmann's constant; | |

a constant number that serves as a measure of some property or characteristic | coefficient; | |

a measure of the rate of decrease in the intensity of electromagnetic radiation (as light) as it passes through a given substance; the fraction of incident radiant energy absorbed per unit mass or thickness of an absorber | absorptance; absorption coefficient; coefficient of absorption; | |

the ratio of the drag on a body moving through air to the product of the velocity and the surface area of the body | coefficient of drag; drag coefficient; | |

the ratio of the weight of an object being moved along a surface and the force that maintains contact between the object and the surface | coefficient of friction; | |

a measure of the induction between two circuits; the ratio of the electromotive force in a circuit to the corresponding change of current in a neighboring circuit; usually measured in henries | coefficient of mutual induction; mutual inductance; | |

the ratio of the electromotive force produced in a circuit by self-induction to the rate of change of current producing it, expressed in henries | coefficient of self induction; self-inductance; | |

(physics) a coefficient that expresses how much of a specified property is possessed by a specified substance | modulus; | |

(physics) the ratio of the applied stress to the change in shape of an elastic body | coefficient of elasticity; elastic modulus; modulus of elasticity; | |

the ratio of the change in pressure acting on a volume to the fractional change in volume | bulk modulus; | |

the coefficient of elasticity for a shearing force | modulus of rigidity; | |

a coefficient of elasticity applicable to the stretching of a wire | young's modulus; | |

the fractional change in length or area or volume per unit change in temperature at a given constant pressure | coefficient of expansion; expansivity; | |

the fraction of radiant energy that is reflected from a surface | coefficient of reflection; reflectance; reflection factor; reflectivity; | |

the fraction of radiant energy that passes through a substance | transmission; transmittance; | |

a measure of the resistance to flow of a fluid under an applied force | absolute viscosity; coefficient of viscosity; dynamic viscosity; | |

(statistics) a coefficient assigned to elements of a frequency distribution in order to represent their relative importance | weight; weighting; | |

an arbitrary constant in the equations of general relativity theory | cosmological constant; | |

(chemistry) the ratio of concentrations when equilibrium is reached in a reversible reaction (when the rate of the forward reaction equals the rate of the reverse reaction) | equilibrium constant; | |